Native Resources





A Very Sad
Thanksgiving Day

In 1637, seven hundred men, women and children of the Pequot Tribe, gathered for their Annual Green Corn Dance in the area that is now known as Groton, Conn. While they were gathered in their meeting place, they were surrounded and attacked by English and Dutch mercenaries.

The Indians were ordered from the structure and as they came forth, they
were, unmercifully, shot down. Others were brutally burned alive in the structure.

The next day, the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony declared:

A Day of Thanksgiving? ...thanking God that they had eliminated over 700 American Indian men, women and children.  For the next 100 years, every "Thanksgiving Day" declared by a Governor or President was to honor that victory, thanking God that the battle had been won.


Source: Documents of Holland, 13 Volume Colonial Documentary History letters and reports from colonial officials to their superiors and the King in England the private papers of Sir William Johnson, British Indian agent for the New York colony for 30 years.
Researcher: William B. Newell (Penobscot Tribe) Former Chairman; University of Connecticut Anthropology Department.