the Hebrew term for a trumpet made from a curved ram's horn. To sound the ram's
horn came from the root word "Teruwah" in Hebrew which
means clangor of trumpets, acclamation of joy, clamor, rejoicing, high joyful
sound, loud noise, wild shout, a battle cry, to announce forcefully or loudly.
"Uwah" means to split the ears with sound.
The ram's horn represents the ram caught in the thicket, when Abraham was about
For Christians, the shofar
represents Jesus and reminds us of God's provision of an oblation that is both
sufficient and satisfactory.
The shofar is not considered
a musical instrument but is blown for a variety of reasons.
Blowing the Shofar
Scripture references below are hyperlinked to
the Contemporary English Version,
Copyright © 1999 by the American
In the Hebrew
to herald the Lord's
decent and the giving of the law at Mount Sinai.
Exodus 19: 16, 19 and
to usher in the Feast of Trumpets (Rosh
This was a call to "Sabbath rest, a memorial of
blowing trumpets, a holy convocation." It marked the beginning of a ten-day
period of self-examination and repentance culminating with the Day of Atonement.
The one who blows the shofar
recites the blessing: "Blessed art Thou, Lord
/ God, King of the universe who has sanctified us with His
commandments and commanded us to hear the sound of the shofar."
The congregation responds with "Amen." It tells us to "Awake, ye
sleepers from your sleep...and ponder your deeds."
Numbers 29: 1
to herald the Day of Atonement (Yom
A long blast is sounded to begin Yom Kippur.
Leviticus 25: 9
to announce the Year of Jubilee.
Jubilee in Hebrew is "Yabel," meaning to
flow and is rendered trumpets. Every fifty years slaves were freed, debts were
forgiven and land returned to the original owner.
Leviticus 25: 9-10
continually as part of strategic warfare at the battle of Jericho.
Joshua 6: 4-20
by Gideon to rally troops and by
the 300 men in his army in battle.
Judges 6: 34 and
7: 8, 16, 20
to usher in the ark of the Lord
(His presence) as David danced.
2 Samuel 6: 15
2 Chronicles 15: 14
when a king was anointed.
1 Kings 1: 34, 39, 41
2 Kings 9: 13
at the taking of an oath.
to rally the troops.
Nehemiah 4: 18, 20
to announce God's presence and to
praise and worship Him.
Psalms 47: 5,
and Psalms 98: 6; and Psalms 150: 3
Isaiah 27: 13 and Isaiah
Revelation 1: 10
to call people to repentance.
Isaiah 58:1 and Hosea
Joel 2: 1
to sound the alarm of war.
Jeremiah 4: 19, 21 and Jeremiah
6: 1, 17 and Jeremiah 51: 27
Joel 2: 1
to sound the warning of danger.
Amos 2: 2; and Amos 3: 6
Zephaniah 1: 16
Hosea 5: 8 and Hosea
Ezekiel 33: 2-9
Isaiah 58:1 (The sound of the
trumpet is compared to a prophet's voice.)
to call the assembly together to
repentance and fasting.
Joel 2: 1, 15
by the Lord.
Zechariah 9: 14
In the Greek New
by the angels.
Matthew 24: 31 and
Revelation 8: 2, 6ff; Revelation 9: 1,
13; Revelation 10: 7; and Revelation 11: 15
at His coming.
1 Corinthians 15: 52